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## TopManufacturing Sheet Metal

You can use these calculators to calculate a sheet metals bend allowance and deduction, deep drawing force, and more..

Bend Allowance Calculator
The bend allowance and bend deduction are two measures that relate the bent length of a piece of sheet metal to the flat length. The bend allowance describes the length of the neutral axis between the bend lines, or in other words, the arc length of the bend.

Bending Springback Calculator
After a bending operation, residual stresses will cause the sheet metal to spring back slightly. Due to this elastic recovery, it is necessary to over-bend the sheet a precise amount to acheive the desired bend radius and bend angle.

Deep Drawing Force Calculator
Calculate the required force to deep draw a piece of sheet metal based on the drawing ratio, sheet thickness, and the ultimate tensile strength of the material.

V-Bending Force Calculator
Calculate the required force to bend a piece of sheet metal using V-bending, a process in which a V-shaped punch presses the sheet into a V-die.

Wipe Bending Force Calculator
Calculate the required force to bend a piece of sheet metal using wipe bending, also called edge bending. In this process, the sheet is held between a wipe die and pressure pad, while a punch presses against the edge of the sheet.